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eAssessment in construction

Target audience

Construction Trainer

 Problem to solve – Learning Situation

A trainee construction worker is learning how to operate a specific type of heavy machinery, such as a crane, forklift, or excavator.

Competencies covered from DigCompEdu

Competencies covered from DigCompEdu

  • Information and Data Literacy
  • Digital Content Creation
  • Problem-Solving
  • Critical Thinking
  • Decision-Making
  • Collaboration

Add the original statements from IO1

Target level of Digital Skills according to DigCompEdu progression levels

Curriculum Construct(s)

Remembering, Understanding and Applying information.

According to Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy (Anderson and Krathwohl, 2001) https://www.researchgate.net/publication/264675976_Transitioning_from_Teaching_Lean_Tools_To_Teaching_Lean_Transformation/figures?lo=1

Scenario description

In this scenario we are exploring the ways in which e-learning and e-assessment can be used to complement acquiring a practical skill. The following examples show how some basic operational instructions and health and safety aspects could be taught and assessed prior to the learner moving onto a real life situation.

A virtual simulation module that accurately replicates the controls and operation of the heavy machinery could be provided using VR or branching video. The trainee could access this module remotely through a computer or mobile device.

The trainee could be presented with a series of interactive training modules within the simulation. These modules would cover topics such as safety guidelines, equipment operation techniques, and best practices.

The trainee could receive step-by-step instructions on how to perform various tasks using the virtual machinery. The instructions guide them on starting, maneuvering, lifting, and parking the equipment, emphasizing the correct sequence of actions and safety protocols.

The e-assessment platform could include assessment components within the virtual simulation. For example, the trainee is required to complete specific tasks, such as lifting and moving objects, following safety protocols, and responding to simulated hazards.

Progress Tracking: The e-assessment platform could potentially track the trainee’s progress throughout the simulation-based training. Recording metrics such as completion time, accuracy, adherence to safety guidelines, and mastery of different tasks. This data helps trainers and trainees monitor progress and identify areas that need further attention.

Certification and Competency Assessment: Once the trainee has demonstrated proficiency within the virtual simulation, the e-assessment platform could administer a final competency assessment. This assessment can include a combination of theoretical knowledge questions and practical tasks, ensuring that the trainee is well-rounded in their understanding and application of the machinery operation skills.

Scenario Objectives

Understand how  e-learning and e-assessment could be used to augment teaching and learning of practical skills such as using a forklift or other heavy machinery. 


The activity outlined in this scenario assumes that you already have training videos or simulations and assessment questions prepared. An example video is available here https://youtu.be/OIBjMchkQKA

Software such as H5P can be used to add questions to videos or create branching scenarios.

Outline activity plan

This is an example of what the lesson might look like.

Introduction to Operating a Forklift Using Video-Based E-Assessment
Method – Online simulation

Introduction (5 minutes):
Welcome the construction worker to the lesson and explain the objective of learning how to operate a forklift safely and efficiently.Highlight the importance of following safety guidelines and adhering to best practices to prevent accidents and injuries.
Pre-assessment Knowledge Check (5 minutes):
Administer a brief pre-assessment quiz on forklift operation knowledge through the e-assessment platform.Use multiple-choice or true/false questions to gauge the trainee’s existing understanding of forklift operation and safety protocols.
Video-based Training (30 minutes):
Direct the trainee to the e-assessment platform’s video-based training modules on forklift operation. Provide access to a range of videos that cover topics such as pre-operation inspections, controls and functions, load handling techniques, and maneuvering in various scenarios. Encourage the trainee to take notes and pay attention to important safety guidelines, procedural steps, and best practices demonstrated in the videos. Emphasize the significance of understanding load capacity, stability, and the importance of maintaining clear visibility while operating the forklift.
Interactive Assessment (15 minutes):
After the video-based training, instruct the trainee to access the e-assessment platform’s interactive assessment component.Present a series of simulated scenarios or tasks related to forklift operation. Require the trainee to demonstrate their understanding and skills by making choices, answering questions, or performing virtual tasks. Provide immediate feedback on their responses or actions, pointing out any errors or areas that require improvement.If the trainee makes mistakes, redirect them to the appropriate training resources or video segments for further review and clarification.
Post-assessment and Reflection (5 minutes):
Conduct a post-assessment quiz through the e-assessment platform to evaluate the trainee’s knowledge retention and proficiency in forklift operation. Compare the results with the pre-assessment to assess the trainee’s progress. Engage in a brief discussion to address any questions or concerns raised by the trainee.Encourage the trainee to reflect on their learning experience and identify areas for further improvement.
Conclusion (5 minutes):
Summarize the key points covered in the lesson, emphasizing the importance of safe and efficient forklift operation. Remind the trainee to practice the learned skills in real-world scenarios under the supervision of experienced operators. Provide information on additional resources or training opportunities available to enhance their forklift operation skills.
Note: It is essential to supplement video-based training with practical, hands-on experience under the guidance of qualified instructors and ensure compliance with local regulations and requirements for forklift operation training.
Computer or mobile device with internet access
E-assessment platform with video-based training modules and pre-written assessment components
Video resources demonstrating forklift operation and safety guidelines
Personal protective equipment (PPE) for demonstration purposes (if available)

Our notes from practice

In this case study, we explore how an educator utilized video simulation to teach learners how to operate a crane before allowing them to practice with the real equipment. By incorporating technology and virtual training, the educator aimed to provide a safe and effective learning experience for the learners. Using H5P the college created branching scenarios with overlayed assessment questions in the video giving real time feedback to learners.


The training centre had recently acquired a new crane for training purposes. Understanding the importance of safety and the complexity of operating a crane, the educator decided to introduce video simulation as a preliminary training tool to familiarise learners with the equipment before they could attempt real-world practice.


  • To introduce learners to the fundamentals of crane operation and safety protocols.
  • To provide a risk-free learning environment where learners can practice crane operation skills.
  • To build learners’ confidence and competence in crane operation before hands-on practice.


  • Increased Safety: By introducing the video simulation, learners had the opportunity to practice crane operation in a controlled environment, minimizing the risk of accidents or errors during real-world practice.
  • Enhanced Confidence: The learners gained confidence in their ability to operate the crane effectively after going through the simulated scenarios. This confidence translated into improved performance and decision-making during hands-on practice.
  • Efficient Learning: Video simulation allowed learners to grasp the fundamental concepts of crane operation before physical practice. It accelerated the learning process, enabling learners to focus on refining their skills and technique during hands-on training.
  • Improved Retention: The interactive nature of the video simulation, combined with immediate feedback, helped learners retain knowledge and reinforced their understanding of safety protocols and operational procedures.
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